Ethiopia at a Glance

Official Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Political system: Federal with multi-party system
Capital City: Addis Ababa, which is also the seat of the African Union (AU) and United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA).
Location: Ethiopia is located in the North-Eastern part of Africa known as the “Horn of Africa”. It enjoys a unique location at the crossroads between Africa, the Middle East and Asia.
Area: 1.14 million square kilometers
Arable land: 513,000 square kilometers (45%)
Irrigated land: 34,200 square kilometers (3%)
Population: Appx. 100 million (2015/16)
Population density: Appx. 102.2 per square kilometer (2015/16)
Language: Amharic is the working language of the federal government, while Oromiffa and Tigrigna are widely spoken. English is taught in schools and is the main business language.
GDP per capita: US$ 739 (2015/2016)
Climate: Temperate in the highlands, ranging from 20°C to 30°C (68°F to 86°F) and hot in the lowlands, often reaching 45°C (113°F). Rainfall ranges from 200 mm to 2000 mm.
Rainy Seasons: Abundant rain in June through August; mild rains in February and March.
Topography: Ethiopia has an elevated central plateau varying in height from 2,000 to 3,000 meters above sea level. In the North and center of the country there are some 25 mountains whose peaks reach over 4,000 meters. The most famous Ethiopia river is Blue Nile or Abbay, which flows a distance of 1,450 kilometers from its source to join the White Nile at Khartoum.
Currency: The currency of Ethiopia is based on the decimal system. The units of currency are the Birr and cents. The Birr is divided into 100 cents.
Working hours: Ethiopia is GMT+3. Government office hours are 8:30 am – 12:30 pm and 1:30 pm – 5:30 pm from Monday through Thursday; and 8:30 am to 11:30 and 1:30 pm to 5:30 pm on Fridays.